Segnini gives another example of the utility of databases:
Using public databases, La Nacion was able to find information on all
the properties owned by Costa Rican ministers, their spouses and their
Then, using land records, La Nacion was able to find the value of
Ministers in Costa Rica are required to declare the properties that
they own (and their value) so La Nacion was able to cross reference
their two databases against what the ministers had publicly declared.
In this way, La Nacion was able to expose the fact that some ministers
were evading enormous amounts of tax. The story led to the resignation
of Costa Rica's finance minister.
Costa Rica doesn't have a 'right to information' law; La Nacion
compiles their databases from public records and sometimes from taking
the government to court in order to force it to reveal certain
A UNDP study on Grassroots Women's Perspectives on Corruption released at a workshop here found that corruption affects a wider spectrum of women's lives than commonly recognised --39 pct of women were asked to pay bribes for basic services (water, electricity, healthcare); 21 pct to get jobs and in business; 16 pct for documents such as a birth certificate; 12 pct by law enforcement and 10 pct for housing, land and property.
Women are more deeply affected if they have no money to pay the bribes and must rely on men who control the financial resources of the household and hold the power, said Francis Birungi from Uganda Community Based Association for Child Welfare.
Women then are forced to pay with their bodies, through physical and sexual abuse she said.
The study found that 4 pct of women considered sexual exploitation a form of corruption.
Among the solutions proposed in the UNDP study was that women leaders are linked to grassroots groups, which gives women on the ground more confidence to stand up against corruption and leaders the information they need to create change.
"It is not enough to have women in leadership positions and then just better governance will happen," said Priya Pillai from Best Practices Foundation, who presented the UNDP report, which suffered 471 people, mostly women, in Africa, Latin America and South Asia.
"It is very important that women in government are linked to mobilized constituencies," she said.
Frank Vogl of TI asks the panel why the finance and banking
correspondents of major media organizations don't report on
corruption? He says that he meets journalists all the time to discuss
the Eurozone/financial crisis but none of them ever ask about
Some people and some media outlets simply aren't interested in the
topic of corruption, Segnini says. Sometimes, a journalist's editor
doesn't think that reporting on corruption is worth the effort. In
that case, "You need to treat your editors like heroin addicts,"
The first time you write about corruption, Segnini says, you need to
work very hard and often do all of the investigatory work in your own
time. Then, when the report is finished, you give it to your editor
"for free". Once the editor has had his or her first taste of a well
reported corruption story, the impact and publicity of that story will
make them want to come back for more, Segnini says.
Sidorova says that she thinks it's more important that the newspaper
reports the story rather than which correspondent wrote it.
Am at another panel on corruption in sports entitled 'Corruption in
Sports: What's the penalty for society?'
The panel is moderated by Simon Kuper of the Financial Times.
Simon Chadwick, Chair in Sport Business Strategy and Marketing at
Coventry University Business School
Drago Kos, Independent Joint Anti-Corruption Monitoring & Evaluation
Stanislas Frossard, Executive Secretary of the Enlarged Partial
Agreement on Sport, Council of Europe
Luis Antonio Paulino, (Brazilian) National Secretary for Football and
Kos relates a story about how a junior football referee once called
him and said that he (the juinor football referee) had been offered a
bribe to fix a match. Kos told him to decline the bribe and after he'd
put down the phone he called UEFA (football's governing body in
Europe) and told them what happened. UEFA did not know how to react
and asked for time to think about it. After a number of hours of
deliberation, UEFA told him to call the police...
Kos says that there will undoubtedly be 'bad guys' in Brazil over the
next four years (for the World Cup and Olympics) who will look to make
corrupt payments and fix matches. But "bad guys won't have an easy job
here in Brazil," Kos says.
He is one of the few people I've met here who is optimistic about the
ability of the Brazilian government to deal with sports corruption.
Interesting fact: Brazil's constitution guarantees the independence of
Brazilian sports organisations.
This means the Brazilian government can't force sports organisations
A member of the audience describes the auction/transfer of sports
people from club to club as "undignified" and then asks the panel to
The panel looks shocked/bemused and no one jumps to answer it.
However, Simon Chadwick gives it a good shot by talking about the
auction of players in the Indian Premier League in cricket. He agrees
that the auctioning of players has become more about corporate
prestige, glitz and glamour rather than sporting prowess and implies
that yes, in some cases, it can be undignified.
I'm in a workshop entitled Whistleblowing Around the World: Growing an
International Movement to Connect Whistleblowers with Investigative
The workshop is moderated by the Foundation's own Stella Dawson
Currently speaking is Paul Radu of Organized Crime and Corruption
Reporting Project (OCCRP).
Radu is talking about how OCCRP exposed stakes held by the first
family of Azerbaijan in Azerbaijani gold fields. Those stakes were
owned through Panamanian companies.
He also shows the audience an infographic which details the way that
those accused of killing the famous Russian whistleblower Sergei
Magnitsky had tried to hide the money that they had stolen. The money
was diverted to over half a dozen bank accounts around the world
before finally landing into the fraudsters personal bank accounts.